Security experts have spotted drive-by malware attacks exploiting a critical security hole in Windows that Microsoft recently addressed with a software patch. Separately, Symantec is warning users of its pcAnywhere remote administration tool to either update or remove the program, citing a recent data breach at the security firm that the company said could help attackers find holes in the aging software title.
On Thursday, Trend Micro said it had encountered malware that leverages a vulnerability in the way Windows handles certain media files. This is a browse-and-get-owned flaw for Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003 and 2008 users, meaning these folks can infect their machines merely by browsing to a hacked or malicious site hosting a specially crafted media file. If you run Windows and have delayed installing this month’s updates, consider taking care of that now by visiting Windows Update.
Trend Micro competitor Symantec also issued a warning this week — about threats to its own software. Responding to a now widely-publicized break-in that resulted in the theft of its proprietary source code in 2006, Symantec issued a 10-page white paper with recommendations for customers still using this software. The company says fewer than 50,000 people are still using pcAnywhere, but those who are should consider applying newly-released updates, or removing the program altogether.
From that whitepaper (PDF):
With this incident pcAnywhere customers have increased risk. Malicious users with access to the source code have an increased ability to identify vulnerabilities and build new exploits. Additionally, customers that are not following general security best practices are susceptible to man-in-the-middle attacks which can reveal authentication and session information. General security best practices include endpoint, network, remote access, and physical security, as well as configuring pcAnywhere in a way that minimizes potential risks.
At this time, Symantec recommends disabling the product until Symantec releases a final set of software updates that resolve currently known vulnerability risks. For customers that require pcAnywhere for business critical purposes, it is recommended that customers understand the current risks, ensure pcAnywhere 12.5 is installed, apply all relevant patches as they are released, and follow the general security best practices discussed herein.
On Thursday, Symantec released updates to address at least three security vulnerabilities in pcAnywhere 12.5 for Windows. The company said it plans to issue additional updates for pcAnywhere 12.0, pcAnywhere 12.1 and pcAnywhere 12.5, although it didn’t say precisely when those updates would be available.
It’s generally a bad idea to leave remote administration tools like pcAnywhere always on and always accessible via the Internet. If you must use them, I’d strongly recommend limiting allowable connections to specific computer names or Internet addresses, limiting the number of consecutive logon attempts, and — if feasible– incorporating some type of token based solution.